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Swapping batteries at suitable stations might make electric cars tolerable even if they have to use quite bad batteries, e.g. lead acid.
Mollifying some environmentalists
It may indeed be possible to mollify some environmentalists by showing that some of the problems that worry them are unreal or are solvable. Others are in the tradition of fire and brimstone preachers and cannot be mollified.
Prologue: Environmentalism for the Twenty-first Century
1. Population, Food, and Income: Global Trends in the Twentieth
2. Saving the Planet with Pesticides: Increasing Food
While Preserving the Earth's Biodiversity
3. Global Warming: Messy Models, Decent Data, and Pointless
Robert C. Balling, Jr.
4. The Coming Age of
5. The Causes and Prevention of Cancer: The Role of
Bruce N. Ames and Lois Swirsky Gold
6. Forests: Conflicting
Roger A. Sedjo
7. Conserving Biodiversity: Resources for Our
Stephen R. Edwards
8. Water Options for the Blue Planet
Terry L. Anderson
9. Rescuing the
10. Richer Is Cleaner: Long-Term Trends in Global Air
Indur M. Goklany
Epilogue: Reappraising Humanity's Challenges, Humanity's
by Fred Smith
Benchmarks: The Ecological and Economic Trends That Are Shaping
the Natural Environment and Human Societies
Appendix: Limits of Statistical Certainty -The Case of
Food, and Income
``Keep The Boy In SchoolI'm not sure I transcribed all that corrrectly.
The pressure of urgent spring work is often the cause of keeping the boy out of school for several months. It may seem necessary - but it isn't fair to the boy! You are placing a life handicap in his path if you deprive him of education. In this age, education is becoming more and more essential for success and prestige in all walks of life, including farming.
Should you feel that your own education was neg- lected, through no fault of yours, then you naturally will want your children to enjoy the benefits of a real education - to have some things you may have missed.
With the help of a Case Kerosene Tractor it is possible for one man to do more work in a given time, than a good man and an industrious boy, together, working with horses. By investing in a Case Tractor and Oxxx Detour Plow and Harrow outfit now, your boy can get his schooling without interruption, and the Spring work will not suffer by his absence.
Keep the boy in school - and let a Case Kerosene Tractor take his place in the field. You'll never regret either investment.''
We have the table:
|Year||World||Developed regions||Less dev. regions|
There is some evidence that humans are most comfortable when the radiation temperature is higher than the air temperature. That is part of the reason why people like cool sunny days and like sitting in front of a fire. If homes were to be built with separate control of air temperature and (say) wall temperature, they might be very comfortable, but they would use quite a bit of energy in maintaining the temperature difference. Assuming energy were sold at is real cost, this would be a reasonable use of energy. I make this remark in order to make no concession to what I consider the "energy religion".
I looked at you pro-nuclear web page and it is the same old "too cheap to meter" BS I have been reading for decades.Notice how expressions of opinion, values and taste are all mixed together. Alas, large mixtures like this are not confined to the environmentalist left. I doubt that he had read any "too cheap to meter" BS in the last 40 years. The phrase was from Admiral Lewis Strauss in an after-dinner speech in 1955, and no utility not wanting a prompt cut in its rates ever said anything like that. The phrase is an anti-nuclear staple.
The source of my info? Common sense, intuition, intellect, compassion, wisdom, hope, namelessness, attraction, love....
Sustainable yields, full employment productivity and social justice are possible in a solar indstrialized world. In you world is pain, deprivation, brainless competition, professional football. poverty, cigarettes, plastic shopping bags, SUVs, addictions. neckties, pantyhose, Ayn Rand... A kind of cheap excitement, but meaningless in the long term...
I have been challenged on whether there is such a thing as anti-Americanism. Paul Hollander wrote a book about it, and here's an excerpt from the introduction.
Even at this early stage readers may wish to know how I managed to separate the just critiques from the unfair ones and how I avoided designating all critiques of American society as anti-American? Although this matter too will be discussed at some length in the book, I should make clear at the outset that I did not equate all criticisms of this country with hostility toward the United States nor did I intend to discredit or dismiss all critiques of the United States with the term "anti-Americanism". Rather, that term has been employed to denote a particular mindset, an attitude of distaste, aversion, or intense hostility the roots of which may be found in matters unrelated to the actual qualities or attributes of American society or the foreign policies of the United States. In short, as here used, anti-Americanism refers to a negative predisposition, a type of bias which is to varying degrees unfounded. I regard it as an attitude similar to its far more thoroughly explored counterparts, hostile predispositions such as racism, sexism, or antisemitism.
A preliminary example of these attitudes should make clear what type of utterances I am ready to label as "anti-American" (or "intensely alienated" as far as the domestic variant of these attitudes is concerned). An American reader of the radical-left publication the _Guardian_ wrote in the aftermath of the war with Iraq:
It is depressing that segments of the "left" in this country have been using the flag in antiwar endeavours to demonstrate that they too are patriotic. Steven Miller's letter exemplifies this approach. ... Which aspect of our "national identity" is it that Miller likes so much? Is it the genocide of the native peoples and the theft of their land? Or is it slavery and the slaughter of millions of Africans and the continued mutilation and attempted destruction of Black people? ... perhaps it is the "the war on drugs" that so enthralls those who like the flag. Or how we stole part of Mexico; our bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki ... Or perhaps it was ... US. support for South Africa and Israel, and the continuing colonization of Puerto Rico ... the refusal to launch a meaningful campaign against AIDS ... the denial of reproductive rights for women and the destruction of the world's environment.
The flag is not mine. The "national identity" of this country is one of continued and unparalleled destruction, the likes of which have never been seen anywhere in history. Just imagine that one day the left is victorious. Is it the U.S. flag that we will then hoist? Let's hope not. The U.S. flag is the symbol of the evil empire. Progressive people should reject it.
- Paul Hollander, _Anti-Americanism_ p. viii
To make a point, I sometimes write something not intended to be taken seriously. I think most readers get the point and wouldn't like to have everything made totally explicit. Two items have been taken literally by a few people. One took a remark as a serious proposal, missing the implicit meaning of "fierce" and attacked in a slew of email. That's not as bad as if he had interpreted it literally and agreed with it. I guess one always needs to provide for literal minded fools. Fortunately, the web allows this to be done after the fact. My Letter to Christian Physicists also came to require a statement that the tract was not intended literally. I didn't mind ignoring the flak from the people who denounced me as a religious fanatic. However, that some people agreed with the "letter" necessitated the disclaimer. I feared starting yet another cult. I suppose I'd better also say that the "quotation" from Newton is a fake and in opposition to his actual statement that he did not make hypotheses.
On the other hand, we can definitely distinguish one thousand years in the human future from one hundred years. In 100 years, the world is unlikely to reach full equality in prosperity, there is unlikely to be a significant fraction of the human population living off the earth, population may not have completely stabilized, and boredom with prosperity is still unlikely to be a major human motivation. Several of these events are likely in a thousand years.
Of course, geological processes can be predicted for longer times, but I don't think human history will be much affected by them, because there will be time and technology to adapt to them or to modify them if necessary. (Yes, even plate tectonics can be modified - though only over a long time as far as I can see.)
Present prices [of raw uranium] are at an all time low, less than $10 per pound. The reason is that some very rich uranium deposits have now been found in Canada, like 3% ore vs 0.2 % which is the richest U.S. ore. Australia is also producing low cost uranium. If you mean at costs less than $50 per pound, which is the historic high (adjusted for inflation), it is probably safe to say there is enough for at least 100 years. The problem is that no one has been interested in this question for about 30 years since so much uranium is available. Decommissioning nuclear weapons and use of their plutonium as well as highly enriched uranium is also a complication. Also, the number of reactors to be expected is quite uncertain.
Fueling a reactor for one year requires about 350,000 lb of raw uranium to produce about 1,000,000 KW of electricity for about 7500 hours. At $10 per pound, this is $3.5 E6 / 7.5 E9 KW-h, or 0.04 cents per KW-h. The latest figures I have handy (1987) for costs of present plants in cents per KW-h are (costs for reactors that could be built now in parentheses):
|operation and maintenance||1.3||(0.9)|
|Fuel (ready to install)||0.72||(0.64)|
From Discover, 1996 August, "Reinventing the Wheel" by Will Hively about the work of Jack Bitterly. Bitterly experiments with flywheels for cars. carbon fiber, 100,000 rpm, 50 lb wheel in 90 lb unit. Wheel spins in vacuum on magnetic bearings. The article said a prototype car was promised by the end of 1996, but it is now the middle of 1998. I'm skeptical about flywheel energy storage.
The number of hits on this page since 1995 October 29th.